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Why the Current Scenario in Afghanistan is so Complex?

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On the occasion of Eid al-Fitr, the Taliban declared a three-day ceasefire.  The Afghanistan government, welcomed this and in good faith announced the release of 2,000 Taliban prisoners. 710 prisoners have been released so far. The total number of Taliban released in this way is 2700. The Taliban also released 73 government prisoners during Eid.

An agreement reached between the United States and the Taliban in February stipulated that the Afghan government would release 5,000 Taliban prisoners before inter-Afghan talks begin. But Ashraf Ghani is not ready to accept this because the Afghan government is not a direct party in these talks and this is not acceptable to Ashraf Ghani at any cost. The Ghani government has had trouble with the Taliban-US talks from the beginning, as they and the entire Afghan elite with them see their future as bleak. These are the people who have nothing to do with Afghanistan and its poor people. These are all US, UK, and Canadian nationality holders. They are here today, they will go abroad tomorrow, so these are the obstacles in the way of negotiations.

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Now the most important question here is if there is a complete ceasefire, will the Taliban field commanders and fighters be willing to accept it? At the grassroots level, if we talk to a Taliban, they want the United States not to leave the country. According to them, if American troops leave Afghanistan, who will they fight with? The main reason why the Taliban is not ready for a long or full ceasefire is that the Taliban leadership cannot keep its fighters on the field for long without fighting.

The US-Taliban peace deal has been struck for two main reasons. The first is to secure the return of US troops from Afghanistan and not to be attacked by the Taliban on their military convoys. Second, let the situation of the nineties not arise in Afghanistan. The Soviet Union left Afghanistan as it was, after which civil war broke out. And then in the Taliban era, anti-American organizations like Al Qaeda found a place, which resulted in 9/11. That is why the United States wants a setup in Afghanistan that is not anti-American.

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President Trump wants all troop withdrawals before the election so he can cash this achievement in the coming elections. According to him, the United States should not spend billions of dollars on its troops in Afghanistan. There is a tussle between Trump and the Defense Establishment at the moment because the Pentagon is not happy with the quick withdrawal of troops. According to the Pentagon, doing so would give the Taliban a psychological advantage that is not acceptable to them. And Secondly, the White House cannot guarantee that Afghanistan’s territory will not be used against the United States again.

Let us now turn to the internal situation in Afghanistan.  Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah both claimed to be elected as Afghan leaders after the disputed election. And in April 2020 both held swearing-in ceremonies and announced parallel governments.

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The United States was unhappy with his move. US Special Envoy Zalmay Khalilzad tried hard to reconcile between the two, but they refused. Then, in March, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visited Afghanistan. He also tried to persuade the two leaders, but they too failed. After failing to negotiate with Afghan leaders, Pompeo announced one billion dollars cut in aid to Afghanistan. A statement from the State Department said the United States was “deeply saddened” that Afghan leaders Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah had failed to reach a consensus on forming a government in Kabul. According to Mike Pompeo, their failure not only damaged US-Afghan relations but also disgraced Afghans, Americans, and allies who have made physical and financial sacrifices for Afghanistan.

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The Afghan leaders reconsidered after the announcement. The two leaders reached an agreement soon enough. Under the agreement, Ashraf Ghani will remain the country’s president, while both sides will elect their ministers in equal numbers, and with that, Abdullah Abdullah will lead peace talks with the Taliban.

The real point here is that Abdullah Abdullah, a Tajik, created the whole drama because non-Pashtuns were not given any special representation in negotiations with the Taliban. According to him, all matters are being settled between the Pashtuns, because the Taliban are also Pashtuns and the majority of the negotiating team from the government is also Pashtuns. So don’t ignore non-Pashtuns.

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The history of racism in Afghanistan is very old. When Khan Abdul Rehman Khan came to power in 1880, he first started subjugating non-Pashtuns. His time saw a massacre of a 100,000 non-pashtuns. From here, things got trickier for Afghanistan.

The real issue is who will rule Afghanistan after the United States leaves. Will Afghanistan go to another civil war? Can the current government control the internal issues of Afghanistan without the support of the US? Only time will tell.

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Russia Released the video of the “TSAR BOMBA” (King of Bombs) Explosion

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Russia has released a video of the world’s most powerful explosion, which was carried out experimentally in October 1961 during the Soviet era. It was actually a hydrogen bomb with an explosive power of 3,300 times that of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

The bomb, dubbed the “Tsar Bomba” (King of Bombs), was dropped on an island near the North Pole and detonated in the air at an altitude of 4 km above the ground.

With an explosive power of 50 megatons (50 million tons) of TNT, this hydrogen bomb is considered to be the most powerful bomb in human history, designed by the famous Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov. This is the same Andrei Sakharov who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975 after defecting from the Soviet Union.

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The 40-minute video was uploaded to YouTube by the Russian Atomic Energy Agency a few days ago, in which the countdown to the bombing begins at 22 minutes and 22 seconds:

The blast was so intense and large that it could be seen from a distance of a thousand kilometers, while its heat was felt at a distance of 250 kilometers.

The cloud formed by the explosion of this hydrogen bomb was so high that it reached an altitude of about 700 km, that is, the point where the Earth’s atmosphere ends and space begins.

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We don’t know if there is an even more powerful hydrogen bomb in the world, but we do know that it was the most powerful experimental explosion in human history.

It should be noted that the original and technical name of the hydrogen bomb is “thermonuclear bomb”, the explosion of which emits tremendous energy in the form of light, heat, and shock waves but the emission of radioactive rays is much lower than that of a normal atomic bomb.

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Father Sold his Daughter To Buy A Smartphone and Motorcycle

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We often fall in with stories on social media and news channels highlighting the brutal face of the mentally sick people of the society.

Although, the crime rate has been declined amidst the coronavirus pandemic but a few people are out there to show their bestiality to the world by committing heinous conduct.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), an average of 80 murders, 289 abductions, and 91 rapes were reported across the country in 2018 in India on a daily basis.

A new heart-wrenching incident took place in the Chikkaballhar district of India. An inexorable father sold his daughter, who was only three years old, to buy a smartphone and motorcycle.

He sold his daughter to a childless couple for INR 100,000. And he bought a smartphone for INR 15,000 and a motorcycle for INR 50,000 with the money he got.

The parents had tried to sell the baby to a family in Bengaluru when she was born, but their plan failed as the hospital authority meddled. After this, another person got the wind of the situation and made a deal with them on the behest of a childless couple in another village.

After the man used all the money, his neighbor grew skeptical, and they found out that his daughter had not been at home. They informed the police who inquired some villagers including the mother of the baby. The child welfare committee found the girl and a case has been filed against the couple.

The father took to his heel but the mother was incarcerated. The authority interrogated her and she brought to the light that her husband had intimidated her that’s why she allowed selling her daughter.

What could be the rhyme and reason that goaded the parents to sell their own blood? Either they are mentally sick or the financial problems made them sell their three years old baby.

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Why Shouldn’t Pakistan Accept Israel?

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Israel is a completely illegitimate state and was created by occupying Muslim territories. The blood of millions of Muslims was shed for the establishment of this state. Due to which the Muslim world did not establish relations with Israel and refused to recognize it, calling it an illegitimate state. But gradually some Muslim countries continued to accept it under the pressure of the USA or some personal interests. Some Muslim countries have recognized Israel while many countries have opposed this state, of which Pakistan is at the top. A few other Muslim countries also want to establish relations with Israel but have not yet dared to take such a step due to the fear of retaliation from their public. This illegitimate state of Israel was established on a purely ideological basis, so our differences with it are also ideological.

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Pakistan is also an ideological state, the ideological basis of which is only Islam. Pakistan came into existence in the name of Islam and in the name of this religion, the people here got freedom. The survival of this country also lies in protecting Islamic ideology. If we look at the relations of Pakistan with other states, then the ideology of Islam is also driven in them and we establish relations with other states on an ideological basis. One of the states’ relations is with Israel. To date, Pakistan has not recognized Israel and before the current government, no one talked about recognizing this illegitimate state, let alone thought about it. But some members of the current government have spoken out, and Asma Hadid, a female member of parliament, has openly called for recognition of Israel and has brutally distorted Islamic references.

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However, our relationship with Israel is purely ideological. Some people say that we should establish relations with Israel because it will benefit us. We should not be hostile to Israel for no reason. What has it done to us? What is our enmity with it? We must build relations with this country in view of our gains and losses. Such objections or arguments are often heard by our thinkers regarding the recognition of Israel. In the service of these gentlemen, it is kindly requested that ideology is also something. Religion, creed, and nation also have a status, Islamic brotherhood is also important topics of Islam. Should we put them all behind us for our small gain and loss? How much economic benefit will we get from establishing relations with Israel? What progress will we make? What benefits can Israel provide us that no other country is able to give us?

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We are not making progress because of our poor policies, corruption, and mistakes. This is not to blame for the deterioration of relations with Israel. By establishing relations with Israel, we will not be able to gain any material benefit because our past experiences show that we have established relations with the United States. We have relations with many other countries but we are still in turmoil. We couldn’t get anything out of anyone. Therefore, by establishing relations with Israel as well, we will not be able to achieve anything but stifling our ideology. This will only hurt the interests of the Muslim Ummah and will demoralize the countries that are against Israel.

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Therefore, we must protect our ideas and persevere them, and work with patience and perseverance in the face of any difficulties or troubles that may arise. We must put the interests of the Muslim Ummah before the petty personal interests. If all Muslim countries had taken the stand together and stood up against Israel, it would not have the courage to look up to Muslim countries today. But the Muslim countries’ own weaknesses gave it strength. Now the UAE has established relations with Israel and put back the interests of the Muslim Ummah and Islamic ideology. It remains to be seen how much they get benefits and how much relief they bring to the Palestinians.

It is futile to expect any good from non-Muslims, especially Jews and Christians. Therefore, Muslims should emphasize unity among themselves. Brotherhood and love should be promoted.

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