At a time when the whole world is busy controlling COVID-19, the long-running border dispute between the world’s two most populous and nuclear-armed countries, India and China, has intensified. The disputed Himalayan border region has been the scene of recent skirmishes between Indian and Chinese forces. Including the exchange of fists. It also added to US unrest, but President Trump’s offer of mediation has been sidelined by both countries.
According to analysts, the chances of a major confrontation between the nuclear-armed rivals are slim at the moment. However such incidents could widen and deepen the gulf between the two countries. Relations between the two countries have generally been stable in recent years, but there have been some complications over time. Because, on the one hand, China is challenging the status of the United States as India’s top trading partner. On the other hand, India’s Hindu nationalist government is undermining China’s military and economic development in the region. And on this point, the US government is also sympathetic to the Indian government.
For a time, China and India were economically equal. However, the overall progress achieved over the last 40 years is not being digested by India. Remember that at present China’s GDP is five times higher than India’s.
The recent border dispute arose at the point where India was defeated in 1962. At a time when relations between the United States and China are at an all-time low, Chinese experts are skeptical of Trump’s offer of mediation. Because of the rise of China, Washington is trying to use India for its own ends by pulling India towards the alliance of China’s neighbors.
Leading Chinese newspaper Global Times wrote in an editorial that Washington is looking forward to taking advantage of the China-India conflict. And whenever a dispute arises between India and China, the United States tries to air it. The US is trying to turn India against China. However, contrary to US wishes, India and China have tried to reduce the temperature through diplomatic and military channels.
According to the Indian Ministry of External Affairs, the two sides have agreed to resolve the situation in the border areas peacefully. This agreement is based on the agreement between the top leadership of the two countries. Under which peace and stability are essential for the overall development of bilateral relations in the border areas of the two countries.
However, with the rapid rise of social media and the dominance of the Hindu nationalist party in India, the border dispute could escalate. Border tensions between the two countries last escalated in 2017. Currently, there is tension in both countries because of COVID-9. India is also among the countries that are blaming China for the spread of COVID-19.
Thousands of Chinese and Indian troops are reported to be camping just a few hundred yards from each other, and there have been reports of heatwaves between the two. In this regard, US analysts say that China is currently in an aggressive mood, reminiscent of 1962. At the time, Mao Zedong was unhappy with India. He wanted to send a message that China could use force if needed.
According to US analysts, China’s action carries the same message to India and others. It is that China has the capability to deal with several security issues simultaneously. According to US analysts, China has adopted an aggressive foreign policy in recent months in the wake of self-criticism over COVID-19. Another reason is bad relations with the United States. The move to protect India’s border is in line with the current trend in Chinese foreign policy. It is a clear message for the growing partnership between the United States and India over the past few years and for a united front against China.
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However, President Trump says Washington would be happy to help. “We have informed both India and China that the United States is ready to mediate in their growing border dispute,” Trump said in a tweet. However, neither India nor China accepted the offer. However, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi also discussed the issue with Trump in a phone call. The Indian media reports quoted New Delhi officials as saying that they wanted Washington to be present on the occasion. On the other hand, the Chinese Foreign Ministry has made it clear that there is no need for any third party to intervene. According to the Foreign Ministry, there are concrete mechanisms and means of communication between China and India. Both sides are capable of resolving relevant issues through dialogue and consultation.
Some analysts also see the current developments in the context of Pak-India tensions and Pak-China friendship. They see China’s action as tantamount to China’s support for Pakistan in the context of Pak-India border tensions.
It may be recalled that India is constructing its strategic road in the Galan Valley to connect the region with an airstrip. To this end, in August last year, India unilaterally separated Ladakh from occupied Kashmir and declared it a federal territory. China has strongly condemned the move and raised the issue with the UN Security Council.