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Hydro-Politics among Asian Powers

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Water politics or hydro politics is an emerging theatre of conflicts in Asia, especially in Southern Asia. As the ex-vice president of the World Bank forecasted that many wars of the 20th century were fought for oil, but wars in the 21st century will be over water. With time, the scarcity of water is rampant due to various reasons like increase in population, melting of glaciers, wastage of water resources, lack of water storage capacity, etc. The agrarian countries are at high risk due to their dependency on agriculture exports. The depletion of water resources will bring formidable effects on agrarian societies. It has been predicted that in the future, the scarcity of water can be the cornerstone of another world war.

Pakistan is among those countries that are highly dependent on agricultural exports. Around 40% of the population is linked with the agriculture sector, which directly contributes about 17% to 21% in the GDP of Pakistan. The majority of land in Pakistan irrigated by the rivers that are originated from the Himalayas and Karakoram Ranges, which passes through the Kashmir territory to enter into Pakistan.

In the past, India tried to halt the water flow of the Pakistani rivers that originated from Kashmir, which had increased extreme tensions between both countries. If the World Bank had not intervened at that time, the possibility of war between India and Pakistan was very high. The World Bank assisted in settling the water dispute between the rival countries. The Indus Water Treaty was a landmark agreement that was signed in Karachi on 19 September 1960, by Jawaharlal Nehru and Ayub Khan. According to the treaty, Pakistan was given the control of the Western rivers Indus, Chenab, and Jhelum, while India got control over the Eastern rivers Beas, Ravi, and Sutlej. Further, Pakistan was given financial assistance to build a canal system to fulfill the water needs of the eastern side of the country.

According to the treaty, India was allowed to use only 16% of the Indus river water for its domestic use. India was not allowed to build any dam, barrage, or hydropower project that can affect the supply of water on western rivers. But we have seen many times that India explicitly violated the treaty by building dams and hydro projects on the rivers whose control was given to Pakistan. This is a clear violation of the treaty that has increased the confrontation level between both countries.

India built Uri-II on the Jehlum river and Baglihar dam on the Chenab river that manifest the awful intentions to drain the water of Pakistani rivers. These issues ware highlighted by Pakistan on international forums but no fruitful results emerged, and India continued building hydro projects to deplete Pakistan water resources. It was included in the election manifestation of the BJP to build maximum dams on Pakistani rivers to create mayhem for the latter’s economy. This manifests the pathetic thinking of the Indian government to create conflicts deliberately to gain political points in elections.

The Kishanganga hydroelectric plant scheme on the Kishan Ganga river, which is a tributary of the Jehlum river, will affect the flow of water towards Pakistan. It is examined by the experts that this project will highly affect the level of water in the Jehlum river. Pakistan took the matter to the International court to stop India from the development of this project. International Court allowed India to build the project but also made it obligatory to maintain the minimum flow of the river water. Pakistan collected the evidence that shows that India is violating the order of the court. Pakistan then requested the World Bank for arbitration, but India Emphasised for a neutral expert opinion, which Pakistan refused since it will not be an obligatory decision for India. The matter is still underway, and both countries are in a major conflict, which can bring a disastrous outcome.

India’s nefarious intentions are not limited to the northern rivers, but India is trying its best to harm Pakistan by all means, and that is why India is working with Afghanistan to build a dam on the Kabul River so that the water coming into Pakistan from the river could be stopped. Kabul river has vast importance for Pakistan because it irrigates a huge amount of land in KPK and Balochistan provinces. The dam on the Kabul river in Afghanistan will directly influence the economy of Pakistan. This issue is the basis for another confrontation course between Pakistan and Afghanistan.

India is creating hydro conflicts not only with Pakistan but also for Iran by providing Afghanistan with funds to develop Salma Dam on the Hari river that flows towards Iran. This dam will decrease the flow of the river exponentially, which will bring economic problems for Iran.

India and China are both highly populated countries and their water consumption is increasing rapidly. Both countries want to fulfill their needs by building a maximum number of dams to store the water for future use. Most of the rivers that flow into India originate from Himalaya and Karakoram mountains, and China. Due to the high level of demand for water in China, the government has launched various projects to build dams on the rivers that are flowing towards India. If China continues on the current path, India will be deprived-off from one-third of its water in the future. This can repeat the same episode of 1962.

South Asia is considered a boiling point due to various regional issues. Three nuclear countries in this region have a conflict with each other. Indo-Pak and Indo-China rivalry have brought devastating impacts to the South Asian population. The scarcity of freshwater will be the next big cause of confrontations among South Asian countries, and it seems like a war is inevitable.

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Will Pakistan Recognize and Accept Israel?

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The Muslim world is at a new turning point in history. The distance between Arabia and Israel seems to be closing. Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu and Saudi Crown Prince have met. The US Secretary of State was also present at the meeting in Saudi Arabia. The world media is shouting at this meeting. If this news is true then it is a great development in world politics. The UAE, Bahrain, and Sudan have already joined Israel. What color will this friendship with Israel bring to the Arabs? Why are the Arab countries so anxious to embrace yesterday’s enemy? Will Pak-Israel anger last forever?

ALSO READ: Two Factors that are Blocking the Way of Resolving Palestine Issue

While the new global political development is a source of joy for the minority, it is also a source of unhappiness for the majority. Questions about recent developments also need to be answered. Experts say the meeting took place and that Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu arrived in a private jet with the Mossad chief. He met secretly with the Saudi Crown Prince. The problem is that the results of the recent US election have upset many countries, including Saudi Arabia. After Biden’s victory, Saudi Arabia fears what the new US president will do. Saudi Arabia wants the support of the Israeli lobby in the United States. Saudi Arabia has extended a hand of friendship to both Turkey and Israel. Saudi Arabia does not want its relations with the United States to rupture. Will Saudi Arabia’s efforts work?

The first is that US foreign policy has implications. Four Muslim countries were destroyed by US foreign policy. Libya was devastated by Obama and Hillary. Had it not been for Russia and Hezbollah behind Assad in Syria, it would have been like Libya. The situation in Iraq and Afghanistan is also in front of everyone. The situation in Afghanistan and Iraq hurt the United States. Trump has not started new wars. Biden is under the influence of former US President Barack Obama. They are “dense” like them. Such people are dangerous. This threat is making the world restless.

ALSO READ: What is Pakistan’s Stance Regarding Recognizing Israel state?

Iran has also linked Biden’s victory to goodwill. Iran hopes sanctions will be eased. Trade routes to Europe will open for Iran. Pakistan will also benefit from easing sanctions on Iran. Pakistan’s goods will go to Iran and Iran’s goods will come to Pakistan. Saudi Arabia wants to curb Iran’s influence in the region. If anyone can look Israel in the eye, it is Iran and Turkey. Saudi Arabia will not be made of Iran. It is said that the enemy of the enemy is the friend, Saudi Arabia is also going to sacrifice its long-standing policy under the same policy.

The question is, when Pakistan’s friends are raising the bar of love and friendship with Israel, will Pakistan lag behind in this race? Will Pak-Israel anger last forever? Prime Minister Imran Khan’s position on Palestine is the position of the nation, in which he said that our policy on relations with Israel is the same as that of the founder of Pakistan. The founders of Pakistan have always rejected relations with Israel. He used to say, “This is a dagger inserted in the heart of the Ummah. This is an illegitimate state which Pakistan will never recognize.”

ALSO READ: CPEC & Chabahar Paving the Way for China’s Supremacy in the Region

Our position cannot be linked to the position of the Arab League or the OIC. Our position is based on the position of the founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam. If Pakistan backs away from the Palestinian policy, it will deviate from the Kashmir policy. Pakistan is a non-Arab country that has taken part in two wars against Israel. Pakistan’s policy is clear and cannot be changed. But our Prime Minister is second to none in changing his stance on every issue. As soon as the news of the Saudi Crown Prince’s meeting with the Israeli Prime Minister came, a certain group in Pakistan was deployed to form a consensus to recognize Israel.

A lobby of specialized intellectuals and journalists has begun work on the “Acceptable” mission. The government has started throwing leaves through social media. The past shows that our Prime Minister jumps to great heights, in this case too. If that happened then his followers would accept it as a blessing.

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Russia Released the video of the “TSAR BOMBA” (King of Bombs) Explosion

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Russia has released a video of the world’s most powerful explosion, which was carried out experimentally in October 1961 during the Soviet era. It was actually a hydrogen bomb with an explosive power of 3,300 times that of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

The bomb, dubbed the “Tsar Bomba” (King of Bombs), was dropped on an island near the North Pole and detonated in the air at an altitude of 4 km above the ground.

With an explosive power of 50 megatons (50 million tons) of TNT, this hydrogen bomb is considered to be the most powerful bomb in human history, designed by the famous Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov. This is the same Andrei Sakharov who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975 after defecting from the Soviet Union.

ALSO READ: Explosion in Iran’s Nuclear Facility Opens up Another Round of Conspiracies

The 40-minute video was uploaded to YouTube by the Russian Atomic Energy Agency a few days ago, in which the countdown to the bombing begins at 22 minutes and 22 seconds:

The blast was so intense and large that it could be seen from a distance of a thousand kilometers, while its heat was felt at a distance of 250 kilometers.

The cloud formed by the explosion of this hydrogen bomb was so high that it reached an altitude of about 700 km, that is, the point where the Earth’s atmosphere ends and space begins.

ALSO READ: Is the World Moving Towards another Cold war or Soft War? (US-China End-Game)

We don’t know if there is an even more powerful hydrogen bomb in the world, but we do know that it was the most powerful experimental explosion in human history.

It should be noted that the original and technical name of the hydrogen bomb is “thermonuclear bomb”, the explosion of which emits tremendous energy in the form of light, heat, and shock waves but the emission of radioactive rays is much lower than that of a normal atomic bomb.

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Father Sold his Daughter To Buy A Smartphone and Motorcycle

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We often fall in with stories on social media and news channels highlighting the brutal face of the mentally sick people of the society.

Although, the crime rate has been declined amidst the coronavirus pandemic but a few people are out there to show their bestiality to the world by committing heinous conduct.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), an average of 80 murders, 289 abductions, and 91 rapes were reported across the country in 2018 in India on a daily basis.

A new heart-wrenching incident took place in the Chikkaballhar district of India. An inexorable father sold his daughter, who was only three years old, to buy a smartphone and motorcycle.

He sold his daughter to a childless couple for INR 100,000. And he bought a smartphone for INR 15,000 and a motorcycle for INR 50,000 with the money he got.

The parents had tried to sell the baby to a family in Bengaluru when she was born, but their plan failed as the hospital authority meddled. After this, another person got the wind of the situation and made a deal with them on the behest of a childless couple in another village.

After the man used all the money, his neighbor grew skeptical, and they found out that his daughter had not been at home. They informed the police who inquired some villagers including the mother of the baby. The child welfare committee found the girl and a case has been filed against the couple.

The father took to his heel but the mother was incarcerated. The authority interrogated her and she brought to the light that her husband had intimidated her that’s why she allowed selling her daughter.

What could be the rhyme and reason that goaded the parents to sell their own blood? Either they are mentally sick or the financial problems made them sell their three years old baby.

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