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Global Power Dynamics and Pakistan’s Foreign Policy



19th century has witnessed a multipolar order of the world, where, European powers were dominating world affairs. England, France, Germany, Russia, etc, had a powerful military and exceedingly growing economy. Due to the imperialistic approach of European powers, most of the world was under their control. Intense colonization by European regimes led to World War I, which resulted in the decline of the Ottoman Empire. Britishers conspired with the help of their allies to dissipate the Caliphate of the Ottoman Empire. The European powers ruled over the world until World War II.  After the bloody war, the world had shifted to bipolarity in which, the United States and Russia emerged as the new superpowers. The superiority of American and Russian technological warfare equipment played a great role in creating a hegemonic role for them. Thus, began the era of the cold war that has devastated the world for almost five decades. New states emerged after the decolonization by war-torn European powers. The economies of European powers were destroyed in the war, and they were unable to hold on to their colonized regions, thus, they started the process of decolonization. Both Russia and America tried their level best to make alliances with the newly independent states to strengthen their dominancy. The cold war era wrecked the peace of the world, as we have seen various wars, in which, both superpowers were directly or indirectly involved. Nuclear proliferation surged, where, both superpowers competed to gain superiority on the number of nuclear weapons. The defeat of Russia in Afghanistan was the cornerstone of the discontinuation of the cold war. After the disintegration of the USSR, America gained full superiority over world affairs. The dissolution of the USSR paved the way for unipolarity, in which America has become the sole superpower.

The 21st century is being seen as the decline of the unipolar world and the rise of a new world order. The economical development of China and the blunders did by the USA, have weakened the foundation of unipolarity. The irresponsible actions of the US, like the Iraq war, have forced the world to look for better options.

Since independence, Pakistan has been struggling in maintaining a balanced relationship between the west and the emerging Asian powers. It has been, however, a difficult task for the past governments to devise independent foreign policy due to its security and economic conditions. Due to bad and corrupt governance by the previous political leaders, Pakistan is facing economic turbulence, which the international lobbies used to gain mastery over Pakistan.

As a member of the United Nations, Pakistan respects all the sovereign states and has not intended to involve in the domestic affairs of a state, until or unless it harms the sovereignty and security of Pakistan. The constitution of Pakistan has directed to uphold basic human rights, as also mentioned in the UN charter. Pakistan has always invited its rival counterparts for diplomatic solutions to avoid any unnecessary confrontations.

So far, Pakistan has been successful in maintaining a positive relationship with the west due to its geo-strategic location. Although there is a trust deficit between Pakistan and the west and both blame each other for duplicity, but, both are also working continuously in collaboration, against the threat of terrorism. Also, Pakistan has been given the role of mediator in the Afghan peace process by America, which is a positive sign of relationship.

Pakistan’s foreign policy has changed over time due to the shift in the global order. The rise of China and Pakistan’s partnership in CPEC irritated the western powers. China is emerging as an economic and military power in the world stage, which the USA perceives as a threat for its dominancy. China and the USA are currently in a confrontation course of the trade war, and Pakistan is playing neutrality because it cannot afford to face any conflict with the USA. Pakistan has historic and strategic military ties with the USA, and still, Pakistan remained an essential military intelligence partner with the USA, in the war against terrorism. On the other hand, China has an economical partnership with Pakistan. Both countries are indulged in strengthening economical ties via various projects. CPEC is an invaluable project in developing a hardcore binding between both countries. Pakistan has been exhausted due to war on terrorism, as this war has cost billions of dollars to the economy, and worse, thousands of precious lives were lost amid the war. Due to those circumstances, Pakistan restructured its foreign policy to enhance economic prosperity rather than engage in military conflicts. The incumbent government of Pakistan conveyed the message to the world that it will not become a part of any war, but rather emphasize on diplomatic solutions. Pak-China friendship is historic, as both countries have strong economic and military ties with each other. China has always supported Pakistan’s stand on the Kashmir issue and also helped Pakistan in the FATF situation. Pakistan has suffered huge losses due to its partnership with the West, but now, with the collaboration of Asian powers, Pakistan is moving towards peace and prosperity. The foreign policy of the current government is more independent, and it is to strengthen the economic development of the country, with the help of China and other Asian states.

Pak-India rivalry is significant and crucial for the peace and prosperity of the subcontinent. Both countries fought various wars in the past, and now both are equipped with nuclear arsenals. India has been lobbying against Pakistan to defame it internationally. The strong ties of India with Afghanistan have caused significant problems for Pakistan. India has invested heavily in Afghanistan to lure the Afghan government to work against Pakistan. Due to Afghan-Russia and Afghan-USA wars, millions of refugees migrated to Pakistan to seek safer grounds. India and Afghan governments are using their agents to create hatred among migrant Afghans, towards Pakistan, to create insurgencies and anarchy. India is using the Afghan border to create problems for the security of Pakistan. The peace in Afghanistan is inevitable for the security of Pakistan, and to achieve that, the PTI government is mediating to execute a peace treaty in Afghanistan to pave the way for the USA and NATO to withdraw their troops’ with tranquility.

Pakistan has adopted a clear stance towards the middle east crisis. Saudi-Iran tussle has brought havoc to the peace of the region. Both countries are struggling to acquire a hegemonic role in the middle east. Many scholars argue that this tussle seems to be ideological or sectarian, but, in reality, both countries want to get control over middle east politics. Saudi Arabia and Iran misled their public in the name of religion or more appropriately, through sectarianism. Pakistan adopted the policy to remain neutral in this conflict, since, Pakistan is the home of two Wahabi and Shiite sects, and Pakistan doesn’t want to trigger another sectarian violence in the country. Same is the case with Yemen when Saudi Arabia requested Pakistan to send troops to help overcome Houthi rebels in Yemen, Pakistan categorically denied being a part of Yemen war. Pakistan has learned from its past mistakes of not to be a part of any third-party war.

Pakistan has a clear position on the Palestine issue, as the former is the only country in the world that banned its citizens from visiting Israel. Pakistan discerns Israel as the biggest enemy for the Muslim world. Pakistan supported Muslim countries against the tyranny of Israel in Palestine. Pakistan’s policy is to support Palestine on all the forums of the world. Like Kashmir, Pakistan demands a right of self-determination for Palestine against the Zionists.

Russia has once again emerged as a major Asian power. Russia regained its lost military and economic strength to afresh its might. Russia is collaborating with its neighboring Asian powers like China and India to create influence over world politics. Russia wants to get access to the Indian ocean for its trade, and Pakistan has invited Russia to be a part of its CPEC project. Due to the inconsistency in the relationship of Pakistan with the West, the incumbent government of Pakistan is focusing on strengthening its ties with other emerging powers. It seems like China, Russia, and Pakistan will combine resources to build a regional economic zone.

Nuclear proliferation is seen as a threat to the existence of humanity. World powers are engaged in extensive development of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). Pakistan developed nuclear weapons for deterrence against a permanent threat of India. Pakistan perceives India’s nuclear arsenals as a threat to regional security. Pakistan hasn’t adopted the No First Use policy but it has no intention to use nuclear weapons against its rivals as a preemptive measure. Pakistan clearly stated that it will use nuclear weapons only in the case of a threat to its sovereignty or security.

Kashmir issue is the centerpiece of all the disharmony, distrust, conflicts, and discords between Pakistan and India. Both countries have been in a continuous confrontation course to acquire control over the Kashmir region. Kashmir has paramount importance for Pakistan because the majority of the rivers pass through the Kashmir region. Since the revoke of 370 and annexation of Kashmir with India, Pakistan has adopted the stance of self-determination for Kashmir. Pakistan raised its voice for the support of Kashmir on all the forums of the world. Pakistan has highlighted the atrocities that the fascist Indian government is executing on the Kashmiri Muslims.

Pakistan is facing a tremendous amount of challenges in shaping a balanced foreign policy due to economic and security challenges. The current government of Pakistan has made some progress in changing the perception of Pakistan on International forums via a productive policy approach. Pakistan is tackling all the challenges to a considerable extent.



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Russia Released the video of the “TSAR BOMBA” (King of Bombs) Explosion



Russia has released a video of the world’s most powerful explosion, which was carried out experimentally in October 1961 during the Soviet era. It was actually a hydrogen bomb with an explosive power of 3,300 times that of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

The bomb, dubbed the “Tsar Bomba” (King of Bombs), was dropped on an island near the North Pole and detonated in the air at an altitude of 4 km above the ground.

With an explosive power of 50 megatons (50 million tons) of TNT, this hydrogen bomb is considered to be the most powerful bomb in human history, designed by the famous Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov. This is the same Andrei Sakharov who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975 after defecting from the Soviet Union.

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The 40-minute video was uploaded to YouTube by the Russian Atomic Energy Agency a few days ago, in which the countdown to the bombing begins at 22 minutes and 22 seconds:

The blast was so intense and large that it could be seen from a distance of a thousand kilometers, while its heat was felt at a distance of 250 kilometers.

The cloud formed by the explosion of this hydrogen bomb was so high that it reached an altitude of about 700 km, that is, the point where the Earth’s atmosphere ends and space begins.

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We don’t know if there is an even more powerful hydrogen bomb in the world, but we do know that it was the most powerful experimental explosion in human history.

It should be noted that the original and technical name of the hydrogen bomb is “thermonuclear bomb”, the explosion of which emits tremendous energy in the form of light, heat, and shock waves but the emission of radioactive rays is much lower than that of a normal atomic bomb.

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Father Sold his Daughter To Buy A Smartphone and Motorcycle



We often fall in with stories on social media and news channels highlighting the brutal face of the mentally sick people of the society.

Although, the crime rate has been declined amidst the coronavirus pandemic but a few people are out there to show their bestiality to the world by committing heinous conduct.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), an average of 80 murders, 289 abductions, and 91 rapes were reported across the country in 2018 in India on a daily basis.

A new heart-wrenching incident took place in the Chikkaballhar district of India. An inexorable father sold his daughter, who was only three years old, to buy a smartphone and motorcycle.

He sold his daughter to a childless couple for INR 100,000. And he bought a smartphone for INR 15,000 and a motorcycle for INR 50,000 with the money he got.

The parents had tried to sell the baby to a family in Bengaluru when she was born, but their plan failed as the hospital authority meddled. After this, another person got the wind of the situation and made a deal with them on the behest of a childless couple in another village.

After the man used all the money, his neighbor grew skeptical, and they found out that his daughter had not been at home. They informed the police who inquired some villagers including the mother of the baby. The child welfare committee found the girl and a case has been filed against the couple.

The father took to his heel but the mother was incarcerated. The authority interrogated her and she brought to the light that her husband had intimidated her that’s why she allowed selling her daughter.

What could be the rhyme and reason that goaded the parents to sell their own blood? Either they are mentally sick or the financial problems made them sell their three years old baby.

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Why Shouldn’t Pakistan Accept Israel?



Israel is a completely illegitimate state and was created by occupying Muslim territories. The blood of millions of Muslims was shed for the establishment of this state. Due to which the Muslim world did not establish relations with Israel and refused to recognize it, calling it an illegitimate state. But gradually some Muslim countries continued to accept it under the pressure of the USA or some personal interests. Some Muslim countries have recognized Israel while many countries have opposed this state, of which Pakistan is at the top. A few other Muslim countries also want to establish relations with Israel but have not yet dared to take such a step due to the fear of retaliation from their public. This illegitimate state of Israel was established on a purely ideological basis, so our differences with it are also ideological.

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Pakistan is also an ideological state, the ideological basis of which is only Islam. Pakistan came into existence in the name of Islam and in the name of this religion, the people here got freedom. The survival of this country also lies in protecting Islamic ideology. If we look at the relations of Pakistan with other states, then the ideology of Islam is also driven in them and we establish relations with other states on an ideological basis. One of the states’ relations is with Israel. To date, Pakistan has not recognized Israel and before the current government, no one talked about recognizing this illegitimate state, let alone thought about it. But some members of the current government have spoken out, and Asma Hadid, a female member of parliament, has openly called for recognition of Israel and has brutally distorted Islamic references.

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However, our relationship with Israel is purely ideological. Some people say that we should establish relations with Israel because it will benefit us. We should not be hostile to Israel for no reason. What has it done to us? What is our enmity with it? We must build relations with this country in view of our gains and losses. Such objections or arguments are often heard by our thinkers regarding the recognition of Israel. In the service of these gentlemen, it is kindly requested that ideology is also something. Religion, creed, and nation also have a status, Islamic brotherhood is also important topics of Islam. Should we put them all behind us for our small gain and loss? How much economic benefit will we get from establishing relations with Israel? What progress will we make? What benefits can Israel provide us that no other country is able to give us?

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We are not making progress because of our poor policies, corruption, and mistakes. This is not to blame for the deterioration of relations with Israel. By establishing relations with Israel, we will not be able to gain any material benefit because our past experiences show that we have established relations with the United States. We have relations with many other countries but we are still in turmoil. We couldn’t get anything out of anyone. Therefore, by establishing relations with Israel as well, we will not be able to achieve anything but stifling our ideology. This will only hurt the interests of the Muslim Ummah and will demoralize the countries that are against Israel.

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Therefore, we must protect our ideas and persevere them, and work with patience and perseverance in the face of any difficulties or troubles that may arise. We must put the interests of the Muslim Ummah before the petty personal interests. If all Muslim countries had taken the stand together and stood up against Israel, it would not have the courage to look up to Muslim countries today. But the Muslim countries’ own weaknesses gave it strength. Now the UAE has established relations with Israel and put back the interests of the Muslim Ummah and Islamic ideology. It remains to be seen how much they get benefits and how much relief they bring to the Palestinians.

It is futile to expect any good from non-Muslims, especially Jews and Christians. Therefore, Muslims should emphasize unity among themselves. Brotherhood and love should be promoted.

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