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China-Iran Strategic Agreement & its impact on the Changing Geopolitical Alliances

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A few days ago today, Iranian Foreign Minister Javad Zarif indicated that a 25-year partnership agreement with China had been finalized. Coincidentally, eighteen pages of the final copy of the agreement were immediately released to the media. If these pages are real, then this is the same agreement that has been echoed throughout the year.

On September 3 last year, an article by Pakistani diplomat Munir Akram was published in the Dawn newspaper. The article cites a report by Petroleum Economist, a leading monthly magazine on the energy sector, that China will invest about $410 billion in Iran’s oil and gas, transport, communications, and construction sectors. In return for this investment, the first priority will be given to Chinese companies in all the major tenders that Iran will issue for the next quarter of a century.

Iran will sell oil and gas to China at a discount of at least 12% during this period, and in this sale too, China’s needs will take precedence over the needs of other customers. About 5,000 Chinese security personnel will also be deployed in Iran to protect Chinese experts and workers and projects under construction.

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According to the report, although Iran has the capacity to produce four to five million barrels of oil per day, due to the current US sanctions, this production is limited to only 200,000 barrels per day. China’s energy needs are such that only Russia and Iran can meet all of its needs. In that case, China would no longer have to buy oil and gas from the Gulf states, including Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, and Brunei. Russia and Iran are suppliers who will not succumb to US pressure in the ongoing cold war between the US and China, which means, it will be a victory for each side.

Russia and Iran will have a permanent and strong customer base and China will have two permanent and reliable suppliers. Iranian ports will become part of China’s road and rail project. The high-speed rail link will connect China to Europe via Central Asia, Iran, and Turkey. If the China-Turkmenistan gas pipeline is extended to Iran, at least the energy supply to China will be protected from potential threats to the sea route from the Strait of Hormuz to the South China Sea.

Thus, with an alternative land supply route, China will be able to withstand the pressure of the United States from the South China Sea to the Arabian Sea. Iran will be able to develop its nuclear resources under the umbrella provided by China. And it will be able to protect its regional interests to a certain extent in Yemen, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, etc.

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Unlike the United States, China is a superpower with close economic ties to Saudi Arabia, Israel, and Iran. So next time, if there is a possibility of a rift between the three Middle Eastern powers, China will be on par with US influence in regional mediation and bargaining.

One of the advantages of this would be that Iran would have to formulate its policies in the Middle East in the interests of China. Thus, the element of extremism in regional policy would be relatively less.

This was the analysis that was published in the Petroleum Economist earlier in the year and now there is no fundamental difference between the outline of the proposed strategic agreement and the details revealed earlier in the year. Only additional information is available that China and Iran will also cooperate closely in the field of defense production and intelligence.

On July 6, Foreign Minister Javad Zarif hinted at a long-term Sino-Iranian agreement, and a week later it was reported that Iran had separated India from the Chabahar port and the Chabahar-Zahedan railway project.

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The purpose of the railway line was to build an alternative trade route after Pakistan refused to open the Wagah-Torkham corridor for Indian goods so that it could reach Afghanistan and Central Asian countries without any hindrance. India had been interested in developing Chabahar since 2006, but due to the nuclear dispute, international sanctions on Iran had tied India’s hands. In 2015, when international sanctions were gradually lifted following an agreement between Europe, the United States, and Iran, India expressed interest in rapidly implementing the plan.

In May 2016, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi signed a tripartite agreement under which India agreed to pay $500 million for the reconstruction of the first phase of the Shahid Beheshti port in Chabahar. India also promised to invest more than $1.5 billion on the 628 km Chabahar-Zahedan-Zaranj railway line.

ALSO READ: China vs Pakistan – Difference of National Attitude amid COVID-19

Since Chabahar is 90 km from Gwadar, India’s presence here meant that China and India would face each other on another front. Although Iran also gave India operational control of Chabahar, by the time Indian companies issued tenders for heavy machinery for the construction of Chabahar docks, President Trump had announced his withdrawal from the Iranian nuclear deal and also hinted for imposing economic sanctions on Iran.

Thus, despite three tenders being issued, no international company except one Chinese company participated in the bidding. Every company and bank was reluctant to be a part of the project because of possible American outrage. However, the Trump administration had promised to exempt the Chabahar and the railway line project from US sanctions. But everyone knew that Trump is unpredictable so no one was willing to take the risk.

ALSO READ: The Reality of ‘Shining India’ & Genocide of Muslims

India was the third-largest buyer of Iranian oil. But when the time came for a choice between Iran and the United States, India, in line with US sanctions, completely stopped buying oil from Iran last year. Against this backdrop, Iranian Communications Minister Mohammad Eslami announced last week that he had inaugurated the construction of the railway line and that Iran would now invest  $400 million in the project from its own national fund.

The strategic agreement between China and Iran and then India’s separation from Iranian plans and the extreme tension in Sino-Indian border relations and the open trade war between India’s friend America and China. In other words, the map of the global geographical alliance is changing rapidly. The United States is in a hurry to withdraw from Afghanistan. The Taliban enjoys the support of Russia and Iran and Chinese goodwill and geographical proximity to Pakistan. The Sino-Iranian strategic agreement also means a possible improvement in Pak-Iran cold relations.

ALSO READ: The Global Oil Controversy: Facts and Background

Now imagine the new chessboard, China, Russia, Turkey, Iran, Pakistan on one side and the United States and India on the other. And Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, and Burma are neutral spectators.

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Russia Released the video of the “TSAR BOMBA” (King of Bombs) Explosion

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Russia has released a video of the world’s most powerful explosion, which was carried out experimentally in October 1961 during the Soviet era. It was actually a hydrogen bomb with an explosive power of 3,300 times that of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

The bomb, dubbed the “Tsar Bomba” (King of Bombs), was dropped on an island near the North Pole and detonated in the air at an altitude of 4 km above the ground.

With an explosive power of 50 megatons (50 million tons) of TNT, this hydrogen bomb is considered to be the most powerful bomb in human history, designed by the famous Soviet scientist Andrei Sakharov. This is the same Andrei Sakharov who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975 after defecting from the Soviet Union.

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The 40-minute video was uploaded to YouTube by the Russian Atomic Energy Agency a few days ago, in which the countdown to the bombing begins at 22 minutes and 22 seconds:

The blast was so intense and large that it could be seen from a distance of a thousand kilometers, while its heat was felt at a distance of 250 kilometers.

The cloud formed by the explosion of this hydrogen bomb was so high that it reached an altitude of about 700 km, that is, the point where the Earth’s atmosphere ends and space begins.

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We don’t know if there is an even more powerful hydrogen bomb in the world, but we do know that it was the most powerful experimental explosion in human history.

It should be noted that the original and technical name of the hydrogen bomb is “thermonuclear bomb”, the explosion of which emits tremendous energy in the form of light, heat, and shock waves but the emission of radioactive rays is much lower than that of a normal atomic bomb.

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Father Sold his Daughter To Buy A Smartphone and Motorcycle

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We often fall in with stories on social media and news channels highlighting the brutal face of the mentally sick people of the society.

Although, the crime rate has been declined amidst the coronavirus pandemic but a few people are out there to show their bestiality to the world by committing heinous conduct.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), an average of 80 murders, 289 abductions, and 91 rapes were reported across the country in 2018 in India on a daily basis.

A new heart-wrenching incident took place in the Chikkaballhar district of India. An inexorable father sold his daughter, who was only three years old, to buy a smartphone and motorcycle.

He sold his daughter to a childless couple for INR 100,000. And he bought a smartphone for INR 15,000 and a motorcycle for INR 50,000 with the money he got.

The parents had tried to sell the baby to a family in Bengaluru when she was born, but their plan failed as the hospital authority meddled. After this, another person got the wind of the situation and made a deal with them on the behest of a childless couple in another village.

After the man used all the money, his neighbor grew skeptical, and they found out that his daughter had not been at home. They informed the police who inquired some villagers including the mother of the baby. The child welfare committee found the girl and a case has been filed against the couple.

The father took to his heel but the mother was incarcerated. The authority interrogated her and she brought to the light that her husband had intimidated her that’s why she allowed selling her daughter.

What could be the rhyme and reason that goaded the parents to sell their own blood? Either they are mentally sick or the financial problems made them sell their three years old baby.

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Why Shouldn’t Pakistan Accept Israel?

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Israel is a completely illegitimate state and was created by occupying Muslim territories. The blood of millions of Muslims was shed for the establishment of this state. Due to which the Muslim world did not establish relations with Israel and refused to recognize it, calling it an illegitimate state. But gradually some Muslim countries continued to accept it under the pressure of the USA or some personal interests. Some Muslim countries have recognized Israel while many countries have opposed this state, of which Pakistan is at the top. A few other Muslim countries also want to establish relations with Israel but have not yet dared to take such a step due to the fear of retaliation from their public. This illegitimate state of Israel was established on a purely ideological basis, so our differences with it are also ideological.

ALSO READ: What is Pakistan’s Stance Regarding Recognizing Israel state?

Pakistan is also an ideological state, the ideological basis of which is only Islam. Pakistan came into existence in the name of Islam and in the name of this religion, the people here got freedom. The survival of this country also lies in protecting Islamic ideology. If we look at the relations of Pakistan with other states, then the ideology of Islam is also driven in them and we establish relations with other states on an ideological basis. One of the states’ relations is with Israel. To date, Pakistan has not recognized Israel and before the current government, no one talked about recognizing this illegitimate state, let alone thought about it. But some members of the current government have spoken out, and Asma Hadid, a female member of parliament, has openly called for recognition of Israel and has brutally distorted Islamic references.

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However, our relationship with Israel is purely ideological. Some people say that we should establish relations with Israel because it will benefit us. We should not be hostile to Israel for no reason. What has it done to us? What is our enmity with it? We must build relations with this country in view of our gains and losses. Such objections or arguments are often heard by our thinkers regarding the recognition of Israel. In the service of these gentlemen, it is kindly requested that ideology is also something. Religion, creed, and nation also have a status, Islamic brotherhood is also important topics of Islam. Should we put them all behind us for our small gain and loss? How much economic benefit will we get from establishing relations with Israel? What progress will we make? What benefits can Israel provide us that no other country is able to give us?

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We are not making progress because of our poor policies, corruption, and mistakes. This is not to blame for the deterioration of relations with Israel. By establishing relations with Israel, we will not be able to gain any material benefit because our past experiences show that we have established relations with the United States. We have relations with many other countries but we are still in turmoil. We couldn’t get anything out of anyone. Therefore, by establishing relations with Israel as well, we will not be able to achieve anything but stifling our ideology. This will only hurt the interests of the Muslim Ummah and will demoralize the countries that are against Israel.

ALSO READ: UAE Officially Recognized Israel & Reached a Peace agreement

Therefore, we must protect our ideas and persevere them, and work with patience and perseverance in the face of any difficulties or troubles that may arise. We must put the interests of the Muslim Ummah before the petty personal interests. If all Muslim countries had taken the stand together and stood up against Israel, it would not have the courage to look up to Muslim countries today. But the Muslim countries’ own weaknesses gave it strength. Now the UAE has established relations with Israel and put back the interests of the Muslim Ummah and Islamic ideology. It remains to be seen how much they get benefits and how much relief they bring to the Palestinians.

It is futile to expect any good from non-Muslims, especially Jews and Christians. Therefore, Muslims should emphasize unity among themselves. Brotherhood and love should be promoted.

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