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China’s Economic Revolution & World Power Politics

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China, our closest neighbor and a longtime strategic ally, is fast emerging as a world power. Where forty years ago there was famine, stagnation, poverty, and backwardness and today it is the second-largest economy of the world today. The strongest possibility is that if the same rate of economic growth continues for ten years, China could overtake the US economy and become the world’s number one economic power. This is not the final word, but the opinion of many experts. However, the signs that are visible support this. Japan, Germany, Britain, and France, the great powers of tomorrow, are strong, prosperous, are modern industrial societies, but they can no longer be compared with China.

Before the Chinese Revolution, especially in the colonial era, the Chinese were attacked by Western powers. When Britain ruled the subcontinent, it fought wars with China over the sale of opium. China was weak, of course, but it was not ready to make its population druggy. Britain fought not one but several wars and imposed agreements on China that allowed British-exported opium to be sold openly in its markets. Revolutions have come again and again in recent times, and China has managed to achieve global prestige, internal solidarity, a modern industrial economy, and military might in the region in just four decades.

ALSO READ: China-Iran Strategic Agreement & its impact on the Changing Geopolitical Alliances

In Pakistan, Ayub Khan’s government undoubtedly did many good things for the country. One of them was to establish better relations with China. In Ayub’s time, we were allies of the United States and other Western countries, and this alliance was basically against the communist countries. We had earlier convinced China that our military agreements with the United States were aimed at balancing against India, that we needed military equipment and economic aid, and that if the United States went to war against China We will not join it. This was assured by our then Foreign Minister Muhammad Ali Bogra during a meeting with Chinese Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai at the Bandung Conference.

When the Sino-Indian border war broke out in 1962, we remained silent at the insistence of the United States. They promised that if we did not create problems for India in Kashmir on this occasion, the United States would do its utmost to resolve the post-war dispute through dialogue. But everyone saw how well the United States has lived up to its promise.

ALSO READ: Boycott Chinese Products Campaign in India – Who Will Suffer the Most?

When we agreed to redefine our borders with China, it accelerated our relationship towards prosperity. A series of talks began between the two. Our decision was bold and our leaders refused to accept American pressure in this regard. The United States still pursued a policy to isolate China, but we went one step further in breaking the siege against China and reached an aviation agreement. As a result, Pakistan Airlines was the first non-participatory country to launch flights to China. Even before and after the 1970s, Chinese diplomats and other government officials used Pakistani routes for foreign trips.

Relations between Pakistan and China deepened after the 1965 war. When the United States and its Western allies banned the sale of military equipment, China stood by us in those difficult times. In the last few decades, China has also undergone significant political and economic changes during this period, but there has been no difference in the basic structure of Pakistan-China relations or the strategic alignment at the regional level.

ALSO READ: COVID-19 Reshaping the Economy, Globalization & the New World Order

Co-operation in every conventional and non-conventional field of defense production has been growing. Today, Pakistan is self-sufficient in the most important defense sectors. The reflection of our friendship with China can be seen everywhere. As China made significant progress in defense and nuclear capabilities, its positive effects became apparent here in Pakistan as well.

India carried out the nuclear blast in 1974, but sanctions began to be imposed on us as well. A comprehensive agreement on nuclear facilities was reached with France, but it (France) deviated under the influence of the United States. Finally, China promised to support us on this occasion and installed not one but four nuclear reactors at Chashma, which are generating thousands of megawatts of clean and cheap electricity. Some more power generating units are under construction with the cooperation of China.

The Pak-China Economic Corridor has the potential to change the destiny of the region. We just need to see and understand it. A key element in history, geography, and international relations is the emergence of China as a world power. Although China’s investment covers Europe, the United States, Latin American countries, and even the continent of Africa, one of the purposes of its economic influence and expansion is to connect Central and West Asia and Pakistan to the New Silk Road. Several milestones have been set for this $1.2 Trillion investment, meaning several projects are being completed. There is no country in the region, including Pakistan, where China is not investing and building energy projects, infrastructure, ports, and pipelines. Apart from Pakistan, China is also investing in many other countries to include them in its Belt and Road Initiative.

ALSO READ: New War Fronts Lie in Economic Zones (Various Worldwide Conflicts Explained)

China’s plans in Central Asia will be mentioned at another time, but it is important to mention the growing friendship between Iran and China.  The United States and its allies have made life difficult for Iran. Sanctions have been in place for a long time and some new restrictions also seem to be in place. The situation at the moment is that no Western country is ready to invest in Iran in the face of the threat of US sanctions.

Decades have passed and the United States has been pursuing a strategy of paralyzing, weakening and destroying Iran from within. Iran waited a long time for the West to come out of the shadow of the United States and start a normal deal with it, but this wait did not end. Western countries did not pay attention to Iran. Following the recent agreement with China, which will result in China investing $400 billion, and also the direction of Iran’s security and economic development now seems to be in line with that of Pakistan.

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Geographical realism has found a place in all three countries and the prospects for moving forward are becoming brighter. China’s shadow continues to grow and expand, but that does not mean that any kind of Cold War has resumed and that we or Iran will lose interest in trade and investment with the United States or the West. It is time to move forward with a global perspective, but the benefits far outweigh in connecting with regional countries in every field.

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Huge Blast In Beirut Killed 10 People and Injured Hundreds [Watch Live Video] (Updates)

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UPDATE (Wednesday): 

A bomb blast near the Lebanese capital, Beirut, has killed at least 78 people and injured more than 4,000. The Red Cross fears the death toll could rise sharply.

According to the international news agency, Lebanese Health Minister Hamad Hassan said that a great tragedy has taken place in Beirut. The death toll could rise many times over. At present, all the hospitals in the city are full of injured.

According to the local news agency, the blast took place in a warehouse where the confiscated explosives were kept. Lebanon’s interior minister says a preliminary investigation has revealed that the warehouse contained sodium nitrate seized from a ship a year ago and was to be disposed of. The blast was heard several kilometers away, and buildings shook in the distance.

Tuesday:

A blast near the Lebanese capital, Beirut, has killed at least 10 people and injured hundreds, while hundreds of buildings and vehicles have been destroyed.

According to the International News Agency, a horrific explosion took place in the port area of ​​Beirut around 6 pm local time on Tuesday, as a result of which the surrounding areas shook and buildings and vehicles in different parts of the city were destroyed. According to the British News Agency, the destroyed buildings include the house of former Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri.

According to the local news agency, the blast was caused by a fire in the warehouse of firecrackers, however, this claim has been denied at the official level. The blast was heard several kilometers away, and buildings shook in the distance. However, no details have been released about the cause and severity of the blast at the official level.

Earlier, Lebanese Health Minister Hamad Hassan confirmed that hundreds of people had been injured in the blast. In addition, photos and videos taken from nearby buildings at the site of the blast show the devastation caused by the magnitude of the blast and the smoke billowing into the surroundings.

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TikTok has been Given a Deadline to Reach an Agreement

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The importance of TikTok is growing worldwide, which is why the American IT company Microsoft is also preparing for an agreement with Tiktok management. But US President Donald Trump has announced on July 31 that the Chinese mobile app Tiktok will be shut down in the country. They have announced a ban on the app under an executive order within a week.

After which IT company Microsoft gave Tiktok management 45 days to negotiate the agreement. Prior to the deal, Microsoft had hinted that it wanted to buy the Tiktok app in the United States.

The US security agency suspects that China is spying on people with this app and get access to users’ data after they install it on mobile phones, which is a threat to national security.

TikTok’s proprietary company, ByteDance, has said it does not share US consumer data with the Chinese government, but that the data is stored in the United States and Singapore.

Microsoft says it believes in looking closely at national security issues and protecting US economic interests in the process of buying Tiktok.

ByteDance said in a statement that the company is exploring all possibilities to continue streaming in the United States. In a memo, the company’s chief executive officer in Beijing, Zhang Yiming, said his team is working 24 hours a day to make the best results possible.

In the memo, Zhang said the current geopolitics and public opinion climate is becoming more complex. We have always fully protected our customers’ data.

On the other hand, US officials say that such assurances are meaningless because companies in China have no choice but to obey the Communist Party of China.

Tiktok is used all over the world, including the United States, which has been downloaded by 2 billion people, according to the statistics released so far, of which it has been downloaded more than 160 million times in the United States.

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CPEC & Chabahar Paving the Way for China’s Supremacy in the Region

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The Cold War between the United States and China is still going on and it will go on for a long time until one wins. This war is to gain a hegemonic role in the region as well as in economic superiority. China is rapidly becoming an economic challenge to the United States, and its extraordinary growth has forced the United States to impose economic sanctions on China.

This annoyance of the United States is also an announcement of its undeclared defeat. In such a situation, it was inevitable for China to retaliate, which it did. The US president then made derogatory remarks against China itself. In response, the Chinese Foreign Ministry issued a “shut-up call” to the United States. The United States has banned Chinese technology company Huawei. It made it almost impossible for China to access 5G technology, but the frustration of the US increased when China made it clear to them that it had completed work on 5G technology with its own resources, and the shock of the ban on Huawei could easily be endured. Huawei has also begun to gain a foothold in Asian markets outside of US markets by improving its technology, while a report suggests that Huawei could also benefit from European markets.

ALSO READ: Global Power Dynamics and Pakistan’s Foreign Policy

According to US experts, Trump’s poor policies have widened the gap between China and the United States, which does not appear to be closing in the near future. According to them, the United States should have given China a tough time, to improve its trade, to go to more markets, to improve the situation in Africa, and convert it into a market as well. But imposing sanctions in this way will send a message to the world about the weakness of the United States system.

A large segment of the world still believes that the Coronavirus is a product of the US-China war, which is taking its toll on the world. It can be true but what is reality? Its secret will be revealed only after many years. At the moment, the situation is such that China has become a challenge for the United States in the region. The US thought that if it supports India both economically and militarily, it would give China a tough time. But here American research and calculations proved wrong. India could not give China a tough time in any field despite the support of the United States, on the contrary, it began to be alone in the region. A recent example of this is the major developments in Iran, where Iran has sidelined India and started making trade agreements with China.

ALSO READ: China-Iran Strategic Agreement & its impact on the Changing Geopolitical Alliances

According to a recent agreement, China will invest $400 billion in Iran over the next 25 years. Estimate how big this amount is when in 2018, our government needed only $6 billion to avoid default and run the country. The volume of CPEC of Pakistan and China is currently about $65 billion. Chabahar is almost 80 km from Gwadar. It is also a deep water port. Shortly after Pakistan and China launched CPEC, India announced work with Iran on the Chabahar port. India’s real intention was to sit here and promote proxy war in Pakistan and destabilize Pakistan. An example of this is the arrest of Kulbhushan Yadav and his revelations.

Iran was also in the anti-Pakistan camp because of India and its territory was also used against Pakistan. India’s sole purpose in this whole scenario was to use Chabahar to harm Pakistan and CPEC. While this situation was unacceptable for Pakistan, it was also unacceptable for China and that is why after a few years of hard work and backdoor diplomacy, Iran has now shaken hands with China and on the other hand, it has sidelined India from Chabahar projects.

ALSO READ: The Reality of ‘Shining India’ & Genocide of Muslims

According to Iran, India’s plan was to increase tensions for Pakistan from Chabahar. India was only talking verbally while Iran was spending money. Investment is a difficult task for Iran, which is mired in global sanctions. Therefore, keeping in view the situation, Iran has sidelined India and preferred friendship with China. Due to this situation, the Modi government in India is also being severely criticized that India has spoiled relations with its neighbors at the behest of America, while America has a history of not being anyone’s friend and it uses countries for its own purposes regardless of color, race, religion.

Recently, Iran’s ambassador to Pakistan has sharply criticized India without naming it. He said that when a country is reluctant to maintain relations with Iran and needs the permission of other countries for its normal relations, it is clear that it is not capable of long-term planning and implementation. He made the statement in view of the lack of seriousness of India’s Chahbahar to Zahedan rail project, in which India has been making statements, but in practice, it has done nothing.

ALSO READ: China’s Economic Revolution & World Power Politics

It is also clear that a new alliance is being formed in the region comprising China, Turkey, and Russia, which will include key countries in the region, including Malaysia. Pakistan is naturally present in this alliance because of Turkey and China and now Iran’s participation will further strengthen this alliance. However, due to US conspiracies, relations between Pakistan and Iran have not been good for a long time. Pakistan and Iran have been in separate camps since the Soviet war. Pakistan’s relations with Arab countries have also played a role in spoiling relations with its neighbors and on the other hand, the proxy war has left no stone unturned. The two countries have a long history of suffering, but now that China is investing heavily in Pakistan and Iran, so it is time for the two countries to mend their diplomatic and trade ties.

On the one hand, Pakistan can benefit from Chabahar, while Iran can also benefit from Gwadar and CPEC. India’s influence is also disappearing from Iran, so now Pakistan will also deal with Iran in different ways. As far as Saudi-Iranian relations are concerned, this ideological Cold War began after the Rightly Guided Caliphs, and will probably continue in the future. Therefore, the two countries must accept each other, respect each other’s religious views and, most importantly, get out of the abyss.

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China is a strategic partner for Pakistan but on the other hand, it needs to be made with the United States as well. Iran is Pakistan’s neighbor and on the other hand, Pakistan has to maintain relations with Saudi Arabia. It is a double-edged sword in diplomacy that is extremely difficult to wield. But if Pakistan learns to wield this sword successfully and if we learn to balance relations, it will be a great achievement not only for Pakistan but for the region.

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